Triadic profile of organizational design.

All organizational traits can be described through the three categories of human interaction: control, cooperation, and autonomy.

Strategy (control).

Structure (autonomy).

  • Org chart (control): Reporting relations.
  • Layout (autonomy): Interactions encouraged by design.
  • Interdependence (cooperation): Work and information flows.

Systems (cooperation)

  • Rewards (autonomy): Behavioral reinforcement.
  • Meetings (cooperation): Reasons to communicate.
  • Decisions (control): Exercise of authority.


  1. Robert W Keidel, Seeing Organizational Patterns: A New Theory and Language of Organizational Design (Washington, D.C.: Beard Books, 2005). (See notes.)