Tradeoffs in meeting systems.

Forums support autonomy, encouraging individual perspective sharing.

Decision making discussions are the exercise of choice, which is how a group wields its authority and control.

Cooperative meetings entail team building, which develops a group’s skills, capabilities, and cohesion.


  • Soapboxes take autonomy too far, away from learning.
  • Muster is a show of control, only demonstrating ability to compel others.
  • A love-in is too far into cooperation, putting feelings and process ahead of achieving results.
  • Refusal to choose purpose for meetings creates meandering.


  1. Robert W Keidel, Seeing Organizational Patterns: A New Theory and Language of Organizational Design (Washington, D.C.: Beard Books, 2005). (See notes.)