Signals indicating a team’s health.

  • Manual versus automated process: Is too much time spent unnecessarily?
  • Release frequency: What could be done to release more often?
  • Submission frequency: Is work-in-progress being adequately minimized? Is the work being decomposed into adequately sized subcomponents?
  • Incident frequency: Is the right balance between problems and defensive work being struck? Too heavy on either side contributes to burnout.


These are mostly proxies or dependencies for velocity.

  1. Camille Fournier, The Manager’s Path: A Guide for Tech Leaders Navigating Growth and Change, ed. Laurel Ruma, First Edition (Beijing: O’Reilly, 2017). (See notes.)