SCARF model describes the threats and rewards of social situations.

The domains of social behavior are:

  • Status: Sense of social value. Recognition, wins, being right versus embarassment, etc 2115.
  • Certainty: Clarity regarding the future. Assurance, affirmation versus bad news, failure.
  • Autonomy: Control, influence over future. Choosing versus loss of choice, consequences 2114,1.
  • Relatedness: Connection with others. Inclusion; promotion versus isolation, demotion.
  • Fairness: Justice, non-bias. Pay, treatment versus lies, failure of expectation.

Affects the motivation aspect of behavior 2113. Increases employee effectiveness when used appropriately 2151,5C3.


  • Giving feedback 2221.